History of Mozambique

Historical overview of the country from the colonial period to the post-independence period.

Pre-Colonial Period

The early peoples of Mozambique were bushmen hunters and gatherers.

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Colonial Penetration

At the end of the century In the 15th century, there was a Portuguese commercial penetration, mainly due to the demand for gold destined for the acquisition of Asian spices.

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The Struggle for Independence

Secular oppression and Portuguese colonial fascism would eventually force the Mozambican people to take up arms and fight for independence.

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Independent Mozambique inherited a colonial economic structure characterized by an asymmetry between the North and the South of the country and between the countryside and the city.

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