Culture of Mozambique

Mozambique was ruled by Portugal, and they share a main language (Portuguese) and main religion (Roman Catholicism). But since most of the people of Mozambique are Bantus, most of the culture is native; for Bantus living in urban areas, there is some Portuguese influence. Mozambican culture also influences the Portuguese culture. Mozambican food, music, movies (by RTP África), and traditions are now part of everyday lifestyles of Portugal.

Mozambique’s culture is essentially African, with great predominance of Bantu culture. In urban areas there is a clear Portuguese influence. This influence dates back to the sixteenth century.

Mozambique is also known for its traditional art. The wooden sculpture and Makonde masks are famous. Other examples are the traditional music and dances of Mozambique, with instruments like the marimba and mbila of the Chope people.

The best-known modern artists from Mozambique are the painter and poet Malangatana Ngwenya and the sculptor Alberto Chissano. Virtually all visitors of Mozambique know the sculptures of Chissano, because his work is exposed in the new terminal at Maputo International Airport.

The cuisine of Mozambique is part of the culture of the country. Its is a tasty fusion of African, Oriental and European influences. The sea is a rich source of food, such as the famous – and gigantic – shrimps, lobsters, grouper, clams and more. The rich soil provides cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, peanuts, mangoes, papayas and coconuts. Curries are widely known in the Mozambique cuisine.